01 Dec The human thermoregulatory system and its response to thermal stress
Kenny GP, Flouris AD. 13-The human thermoregulatory system and its response to thermal stress, Editor(s): Faming Wang, Chuansi Gao, In Woodhead Publishing Series in Textiles, Protective Clothing, Woodhead Publishing, 2014, Pages 319-365, ISBN 9781782420323, https://doi.org/10.1533/9781782420408.3.319. (https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9781782420323500132).
An overview of the physiology of human thermoregulation is presented, including a discussion of the principle of heat balance and the various heat exchange pathways together with physiological adaptations during thermal challenges. Thermoeffector responses (i.e., eccrine sweating, cutaneous vasodilation) during heat stress are examined, as well as the thermoregulatory mechanisms activated during passive heat/cold stress, exercise, and postexercise, such as shivering and non shivering thermogenesis. Aspects related to nonthermal modulators of thermoeffector responses are explored and the effects of body composition, aerobic fitness, heat acclimation, sex, age, chronic disease (i.e., diabetes), hydration, and cardiovascular function on the body’s capacity to dissipate heat are discussed.
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